Will of Richard Joslinge of West Mersea 1600 ERO D/ABW 21/198

The will of Richard Joslinge
Transcript of ERO document (ref. D/ABW 21/98) by Sue Howlett

(Spelling and punctuation modernised)

In the name of God, Amen. On 6th July, in the 42nd year of the reign of our
sovereign Lady, Elizabeth, by the grace of God [Queen] of England, France & Ireland,
Defender of the Faith, A.D. 1600, I, Richard Joslinge of West
Mersea in the County of Essex, yeoman, though sick of body yet whole of mind and
perfect of remembrance, thanks be to God for the same, do constitute, ordain and make
this my last will & testament in manner & form following. First & principally I
bequeath my soul into the hands of Almighty God my maker & Redeemer & my body
to be buried when & where it shall please God to appoint, and concerning all
my worldly goods, my debts being first paid & discharged, I dispose in manner and
form. Item [ Note 1 ], I give and bequeath unto [2 lines deleted]
            John Josling my son one piece of free [ Note 2 ] land which I
have, lying in Steb[b]ing in the county aforesaid, commonly known & called by
the name of Stockly or by any other name or names whatsoever, containing
by estimation ten acres be it more or less which I bought of John Byate which
I will shall remain unto my said son John & to his heirs for ever. Item, I give
& bequeath unto [words deleted] Henerie [Henry] Joslinge
my son one piece of free land called Chandlers, or by any other name or
names whatsoever, lying in Stebbing aforesaid, which I will shall remain to him
& to his heirs for ever. Item, all the rest of my lands whatsoever, which I have yet
unbequeathed, I will they shall remain wholly unto Richard Joslinge my son
and to his heirs for ever.

[Insertion:] Item I give & bequeath unto Henry Joslinge, my younger son, xx li [£20] which is in the hands of John Joslinge my elder brother, which I will shall be paid unto him at his age of 18 years & if he die before the said age, then I will it shall be equally divided amonst all the rest of my children which shall be then living. /

        Item, I give and bequeath unto my three daughters,
Marie Joslinge, Rose Joslinge & Sara Joslinge, two every one of them twenty
pounds apiece to be paid unto every one of them at their several ages of
eighteen years, & if any of them happen to die before their said ages of
eighteen years, then the other that remain living to have the part & portion of
her or them so deceasing equally amongst them, to be divided at their several ages
aforesaid. Item, all the rest of my goods, my lease, my debts that are owing to me
and all my movable goods whatsoever unbequeathed, my debts being first
discharged, I will they shall be equally divided amongst all my said children,
videlicet [namely]: Richard Joslinge, John Joslinge, Henry Joslinge, Marie Joslinge, Rose
Joselinge & Sara Joslinge, when they shall come to their several ages of eighteen
years, and if any of them die before their said several ages then the part & parts
of him or them so deceasing to remain unto so many of them as shall be then living
& accomplish their said several ages of eighteen years. Item I give & bequeath unto
Thomas Harbenger my servant three ewes to be delivered unto him presently after
my decease. Item, I give & bequeath unto Alice Walles my servant two ewes and
my wife's worst [ Note 3 ] gown to be delivered unto her presently after my decease. Item,
I give unto the poor people of West Mersea aforesaid 6s 8d to be distributed
amongst them immediately after my decease. Item, I ordain & make my younger
brother, John Joslinge of Rayne in the county aforesaid & Richard Joslinge my
eldest son to be my executors to see the bringing up of my children & to see this
my last will & testament well & truly approved, fulfilled & discharged, & my body
decently brought to the ground. And I ordain and make my brother Henry
        Richard Joslinge, his mark

[page 2 of will]

Henry Joslinge of Braintree in the county of Essex [to be] the supervisor or overseer
of this my last will & testament and I will, & my meaning is, that my said
executor & my said supervisor shall have their charges born out of my goods / at all times when-
soever they shall have any occasion to travel in & about the proving & performing
of this my last will & testament. In witness whereof unto this same
my last will & testament, I have put my hand & seale the day & year
first above written.

Read, sealed & pronounced to be his last will & testament in the presence of us:
      Timo[thy] Hearne [vicar of West Mersea]
Nicholas Wright, his mark,         Richard Joslinge, his mark
William Turner, his mark,
John Willsone, his mark,
Nicholas Durell, his mark

Memorandum the gift of twenty pounds/ that is given unto Henry
Joslinge his younger son was ..........? and/ set down the 7th day
of July in the year first within written by the consent
of the above named Richard Joslinge the testator in
the presence of:       Timo[thy] Hearne and
      William Turner
      his mark       [Latin Probate] Proved in the presence of Robert
            Whettell MA, Comissioner &c,
            the first day of September in
            1600, on the oath of John Joslin, brother
            and one of the executors [etc ...]
            [ etc .......................... ]
            power [of administration] being reserved to Richard
            Joslin, son [etc .................]



Note 1 This is written as It[em], the Latin for 'also' - a common expression in wills
Note 2 free land did not require the tenant to do service on the lord's land, eg 2 days work at Harvest
Note 3 probably the least good out of only 2 or 3 gowns

6 July 1600
ID: MARG_116_011
Source: Mersea Museum