ID MARG_330_011

TitleEast Mersea Book: Owing to Cousin Jollye 1592 ERO D/DRc M12
AbstractEast Mersea Book: Owing to Cousin Jollye ERO ref. D/DRc M12)

Transcribed by Trevor Hearn 16 December 2020
There is a translation to Modern English further down the page

[NB The whole page has been crossed through, but is mainly legible]

1592 : Owinge to my Cossen Jollyei viz. [3 lines of illegible words and figures]

Fyrst borowed of the woman when she was wydowxls
Owing for plowinge Edg [Note 1] : croaft [Note 2] iij tylth [Note 3] : ijs vjd a tylthvijs vjd
Bss [Note 4] of wheat to sow pd wheat agayneiiijs iiijd
half Buss of Oats vijd
iij Bss of malt vs/ iiijd
Borowe in money iijs
at an other tymevs
a qtr of veall xvijd
wheat pd wheat agaynexviijd
Borowed at Colchestr in money ijs
at Crissinge recd iijs iiijd
For barly straw iijs vjd
the Som[m]e besyd the xls & the wheat is 31s 9d
        wherof Answred
For ij loade of Fyrsenvs
for half a calf ijs vjd
for fellinge [Note 5] of tumbrell [Note 6] and castinge of pyttsiijs iiijd
for carienge of Oysters vjd
for mowinge of grasse ijd xvjd
for mowinge of Oats and barly iij days ijs
owing for half a day at Convers iijd
For iij bourds xviijd
for o[ur] mayd reapinge j day & raking half a day vjd
Som[m]e xvjs xjd

Page 2

So that both the small}
soms cast and recoved} Borowed to pay tas[??] - xxs }
one agaynst an other} - liiijs xd       } iijli xs iiijd
ther remayneth to Jolly}
- xiiijs xd , then} we recoved. After mychellmas
put the - xls to it} when she set seed wheat
The Some totall} to sowe. Octob[er] / 1592
pd - xlis : owinge is <....>/}?
hearof } pd at o[ur] ladye/ 1593 xls
1593:
Owinge styll this year . 1593 .<Owing styll jli xiiijs xd >
July xxxiiijs     paydpd

Note 1 Oxford English Dictionary: "edge" to plough the soil up on an edge: to plough it into ridges.
Note 2 croft: a piece of enclosed ground for tillage or pasture - usually arable area near house (Source: The Local Historian's Glossary of Words and Terms by Joy Bristow)
Note 3 Oxford English Dictionary: "tilth": land under cultivation, as distinguished from pasture, forest, or waste land; tilled or arable land; a piece of tilled or arable land.
Note 4 Bushel: a measure of capacity; a standard bushel contains four pecks or eight gallons; here it represents one-eighth of a quarter of corn
Note 5 a "feller" is the round section of the wheel of a cart, usually made from ash (Source: The Local Historian's Glossary of Words and Terms by Joy Bristow)
Note 6 "tumbrel" is a two-wheeled farm cart for which the body tilts backwards to facilitate emptying the load carried (Source: The Local Historian's Glossary of Words and Terms by Joy Bristow)


Translation to Modern English by Trevor Hearn 16th December 2020

1592: Owing to my cousin Jollye         [3 lines of illegible words and figures]

First borrowed from the woman when widowed40s.
Owed for ploughing croft [Note 1] into ridges: 3 tilths [Note 2] at 2s. 6d per tilth7s. 6d
<12> bushels [Note 3] of wheat to sow - paid4s. 4d
Half bushel of oats      7d
3 bushels of malt5s. 4d
Borrowed cash3s.
Further borrowing5s.
Quarter of veal      17d
<3 pecks> wheat - paid      18d
Borrowed in Colchester in cash2s.
Received at Cressing3s. 4d
For barley straw3s. 6d
        Total (excluding the 40s. and wheat payments) : 31s. 9d
Following have been paid
For 2 loads of furze [Note 4] 5s.
for half a calf2s. 6d
for wheel rims of farm cart and digging out pits [Note 5]3s. 4d
for conveying oysters      6d
for mowing the grass at 2d per time16d
for 3 days harvesting of oats and barley2s.
owed for a half-days work at Convers      3d
for 3 boards [Note 6]      18d
for 1 days reaping and a half-day raking by our maid      6d
        Total: 16s. 11d

Page 2

Offset between payments
and receipts:54s. 10d
Borrowed to pay [????]20s.
£3.10s.4d
Remaining outstanding to Jolly14s.10d
plus 40s
Sum total paid : 41s.
owing: 1s.
Paid after Michaelmas when wheat seed sown - October 1592
Paid at Lady Day (25th March) 1593 : 40s.
Outstanding as at July 1593: 34s. Paid
Paid

Note 1 "croft": a piece of enclosed ground for tillage or pasture - usually arable area near house (Source: The Local Historian's Glossary of Words and Terms by Joy Bristow)
Note 2 Oxford English Dictionary: "tilth": land under cultivation, as distinguished from pasture, forest, or waste land; tilled or arable land; a piece of tilled or arable land.
Note 3 Bushel: a measure of capacity; a standard bushel contains four pecks or eight gallons; here it represents one-eighth of a quarter of corn
Note 4 "Furze" : commonly known as gorse; used as a fodder for sheep and cattle
Note 5 "pits" could refer to wells, ponds or other holes for the purposes of collecting water or other materials
Note 6 flat wooden top such as a table top.

Published1592
SourceMersea Museum
IDMARG_330_011