Mersea Island (Winstree Hundred) in 1848

Whites Directory 1848 - Mersea Island - pages 158 to 161.

MERSEA ISLAND comprises the two parishes of East and West Mersea, and extends from Mersea Stone, at the mouth of the Colne, to the estuary of the Blackwater. It is of an oval figure, presenting a length of about five miles to the ocean, and being from 1 ½ to 2 miles in breadth; separated from the mainland only by a creek, called Pyefleet, which communicates with the estuaries of the Colne and the Blackwater, and is celebrated for excellent oysters. (See p. 65 and 66.) A raised causeway, called the Strode, crosses the Pyefieet, and communicates with the main land, but it is covered by the sea at high water. The island is well wooded, beautifully diversified, and presents a bold commanding coast to the German ocean. It comprises about 3500 acres of good arable and pasture land, and more than 1000 acres of marshes and saltings, which are mostly inundated at high tides. This island was occupied by the Romans, and is suppsed to have been the residence of the general who was styled "Count of the Saxon shore." Several tumuli on the island are apparently Roman, and in one of them many antiquities have been found. When repairing West Mersea Hall, and making a new garden, in 1730, a fine tessellated pavement was found, composed of various coloured tessera, disposed in a variety of elegant patterns. During the incursions of the Danes, this was frequently the landing place and retreat of their ferocious bands, and Alfred the Great is said to have besieged a large party of them here in A.D, 894, after pursuing them from Farnham. There was formerly a blockhouse, at the south-east corner of the island, to defend the passage of the river Colne, and what remains of it is called Mersea Stone.

MERSEA (EAST) is a village and parish forming the eastern part of Mersea Island, 9 miles S.S.E. of Colchester, bounded on the south and east by the Ocean, and the estuary of the river Colne. It contains 33 L [sic - 330] inhabitants, and about 1820 acres of land, including about 500 acres of low marshes and saltings, bordering on Pyefleet creek, on the south side of the island. It was formerly held by the Rivers, Creffield, and other families. George Round, Esq., is now lord of the manor of Mersea Hall, and also owner of the estates here called Renshales and Rusalls; but Sir Warren Mdk. Peacock, K.C.G., is lord of the manor of Reeves Hall, on the south side of the parish, and several smaller owners have estates here, chiefly copyhold. The Church (St. Edmund,) is an ancient structure consisting of a nave, south aisle, a chancel, with a small chapel, and a square tower. The latter was formerly used as a beacon, and had five bells, but has now only two. The rectory, valued in K.B. at £21, and in 1831 at £358, has 21A. of glebe, and a small manor, with a court leet and baron. It is in the patronage of the Crown, and incumbency of the Rev. John Bramston Stane, M.A., of Forest Hall, near Ongar. For teaching 21 poor children, a schoolmistress has certain voluntary contributions, and the dividends of £223. 6s. 8d. three per cent. Consols, left by the Rev. John Tickell in 1812. The Church Land, 8A. IR. 4P., is let for £10, and Las been vested in trust, for the repairs of the church, from an early period.

Avey George, beerhouse keeper
Cause Wm. Saddler (and Wigbro')
Ellis Robert, parish clerk
Forster Rev. Nathl., B.A. curate of East and vicar of West Mersea, Rectory
Greenleaf Jas. carrier to Colchester

FARMERS
Cant Samuel
Cant Samuel, Jun
Clark Elijah
Croydon Elizabeth
Forster Robert White, Rectory
Harvey Thomas, Fen Farm
Harvey Jeffery, Reeves Hall
Ward John, Rusalls

MERSEA (WEST) is a large and pleasant fishing and bathing village on the sea coast, at the western extremity of Mersea Island and at the mouth of the estuary of the Blackwater, 9 miles S. of Colchester. It has a fair for toys and pedlery on Whit-Tuesday, and its parish comprises about two-thirds of the island, having 917 inhabitants and 3136 acres, including part of the salt marshes bordering upon Salcott and Pyefleet creeks, in the latter of which G. Round, Esq., has a wild fowl decoy near the Strode. Mrs M. A. May is lady of the manor of West Mersea Hall; but here are several smaller manors and estates called Bower Hall, Bocking Hall, Peete & c., belonging to G. Round, T. May, J. & H. M. Hawes, J.P. Osborne, J. Pledger T, Harvey, Mrs. E. Harvey, and several smaller owners. The copyholds are subject to fines certain. The chief manor was given in 1046 to St. Oven's Priory, at Rouen, in Normandy, which had a cell or subordinate Priory here, founded by Roger Fitz-Ranulph, near the east end of the church, for monks of the Benedictine order. On the suppression of the alien houses, Mersea Priory was granted, in 1422, to the Archbishop of Canterbury, who settled it and the manor on Higham Ferrer's College, which was dissolved in 1542, when the this manor was granted to Robert Dacres. It afterwards passed to the Darcy, Rivers, Kidby and other families. Bocking Hall farm belongs to Winsley's Almshouses, at Colchester (see page 91) and is about 2 miles N.E. of the village. The Church (St Peter and St Paul) has a nave, south aisle and chancel, with a tower and fives bells; and was appropriated to the Priory. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in 1831 at £171, and having 8A. of glebe, but no parsonage house. It is in the patronage of the impropriator, Thos. May, Esq., and incumbency of the Rev. N. Forster, of East Mersea. The tithes have been commuted for rent-charges. Here is an Independent Chapel, in which Mr. J.B. Harvey, of Colchester officiates. Its congregation was formed in 1800m and schools are attached to it and the church.

THE CHURCH AND STRODE LANDS, given by unknown donors, comprise 54A. 1R. 30P. of arable land, and 26A, 2R. of woodlands, held of the manor of West Mersea, in trust for applying the rents and profits in repairing the Church and the long causeway called the Strode or Strood, which connects the small Island of Mersea with the main land, and is composed of shingles enclosed on each side by stakes driven into the earth, so thick and close together as to form a raised wooden footpath above the level of the carriage road. This causeway is covered by the sea every tide. The arable land above-named is let for £60 per annum, but the woodland remains in the hands of the trustees, who cut down most of the timber during the last 40 years, and have built two houses upon the estate, one let for £20, and the other for £9. 12s.; swelling the total yearly income to £89. 12s., exclusive of about £5 derived from the woodland. The Strode exhausts about £15 a year, and the rest of the net income is applied to the repairs &c., of West Mersea Church. The master of the Sunday School has the interest of £180, left by Sarah Overall in 1813 ; and the poor parishioners have £3 a year from Comyn's Charity, as noticed with Peldon.


WEST MERSEA

Bacon John, butcher
Banks Henry, Tailor
Boley, William, Shoemaker
Collard John, coast guard
Downes Charles, miller and baker
Francis William, Policeman
Halls Daniel, coal and corn merchant
Haxall John, parish clerk

Kooystra Lieut. J.B., commander of the coast guard schooner
Ladbrook John, bricklayer
McCullen William, riding officer
May Henry John, oyster merchant & c.
May Thomas. Esq. and Mrs M.A.
Munson Joseph, blacksmith
Munson Samuel, wheelwright
Munson William, tailor

Norman, Jonathan, Sargeant, surgeon
Overall Miss, schoolmistress
Overall Stephen, coal merchant
Skelton William, decoyman
Southgate Charles, ship owner
Stedman William Rt. Vict. White Hart
Williams Capt. Alfred Edward, Hall

BEERHOUSES
Gentry Robert
Rogers William

FARMERS
Baldery Simon
Bean Edwin
Bean Henry
Blyth Francis
Blyth Thomas
Boley Thomas
Bonner Matthew
Brand Thomas
Cock Charles
Croyden George - Brick House
Fenner Thomas (and baker)
Harvey Martin - Peete Hall

Harvey Thomas Green
Hawes Henry Medcalf
Hawes John
Keable Thomas
Strutt Thomas
Tracey Thomas
Watling Arthur
Watson Joseph - Bocking Hall

FISHERMAN (Oysters & c)
Freshwater Arnold
Freshwater Thomas
Freshwater William
Innes John
May Henry John
Spitty William

GARDENERS
Pullen Elijah
Pullen John
Pullen Mrs

GROCERS & C
Kemp James
White William (and draper)

POST from Colchester
Carrier.
W. R. Stedman to Colchester - Monday, Wednesday and Saturday


Transcribed by Anne Taylor

1848

Related Images

 White's Directory 1848 Page 158. Layer de la Hay contd., Layer Marney, Mersea Island.
</p>For a transcription of the Mersea Island pages, see <a href=mmresdetails.php?col=MM&ba=cke&typ=ID&rhit=1&pid=WHI_1848_MER ID=1>WHI_1848_MER </a>  WHI_1848_158WHI_1848_158
White's Directory 1848 Page 158. Layer de la Hay contd., Layer Marney, Mersea Island.

For a transcription of the Mersea Island pages, see WHI_1848_MER
1848
 White's Directory 1848 Page 159. East Mersea, West Mersea.
</p>
</p>For a full transcription of the Mersea Island pages, see <a href=mmresdetails.php?col=MM&ba=cke&typ=ID&rhit=1&pid=WHI_1848_MER ID=1>WHI_1848_MER </a>
<p>
<b>East Mersea</b>
 ...
 For teaching 21 poor children, a schoolmistress has certain voluntary contributions, and the dividends of £223, 6s, 8d, three per cent. Consols, left by the Rev. John Tickell in 1812.
</p>  WHI_1848_159WHI_1848_159
White's Directory 1848 Page 159. East Mersea, West Mersea.

For a full transcription of the Mersea Island pages, see WHI_1848_MER

East Mersea
...
For teaching 21 poor children, a schoolmistress has certain voluntary contributions, and the dividends of £223, 6s, 8d, three per cent. Consols, left by the Rev. John Tickell in 1812.


1848
 White's Directory 1848 Page 160. West Mersea contd.
</p>For a transcription of the Mersea Island pages, see <a href=mmresdetails.php?col=MM&ba=cke&typ=ID&rhit=1&pid=WHI_1848_MER ID=1>WHI_1848_MER </a>  WHI_1848_160WHI_1848_160
White's Directory 1848 Page 160. West Mersea contd.

For a transcription of the Mersea Island pages, see WHI_1848_MER
1848
 White's Directory 1848 Page 161. West Mersea contd. Peldon.
</p>For a transcription of the Mersea Island pages, see <a href=mmresdetails.php?col=MM&ba=cke&typ=ID&rhit=1&pid=WHI_1848_MER ID=1>WHI_1848_MER </a>
</p><p>
PELDON
 
Peldon, 6 miles S. by W. of Colchester, is a village and parish containing 493 souls and 2182A of land, mostly on a bold acclivity, but descending 
southward to the low salt marshes, near Mersea Island, over which the church commands a view of the ocean. The manor was grated by William the 
Conqueror, in 1086 to William the Deacon, towards rebuilding St, Paul's Cathedral. Henry VIII granted it to Sir Thomas Darcy, and it afterwards 
passed to the Reynolds, Powell and other families. The Countess Waldegrave is now lady of the manor, but the greater part of the soil belongs to 
J. Pledger, J. Bawtree, J. Mann, C. Oldfield, T. Taylor, S.E. Bean, and several smaller owners. The rectory is a small manor, and part of the 
copyholds are subject to certain and the rest to arbitrary fines. The <i>Church</i> (Virgin Mary,) is an ancient structure of perpendicular 
architecture, except the chancel, which was rebuilt by the present rector, in the early English style. The east window is enriched with stained 
glass, given by the late Mrs Griggs; and at the west end is a fine embattled tower. The <i>rectory</i>, valued in K.B. at £16. 15s 10d., and in 
1831 at £508 has a good residence, and 26A. 1R. 28p. of glebe. It is in the patronage of the Countess Waldegrave, and incumbency of the 
Rev. John Palmer, M.A., of London. The tithes have been commuted for £575 per annum. A <i>fair</i> is held in the village on Michaelmas day, and 
here is a <i>National School</i>. In 1613, <i>John Comyn</i> gave a yearly rent-charge of £6, in equal shares for the poor of Peldon and West Mersea, out of a 
farm of 20A., called the Moor. The <i>Church Lands</i>, 5A. 1R., is let for £16. 12s., but the parish has no deeds relating to it.
</p><p>
 Atkinson Rev. Jonathan., B.A. curate, <i>Rectory</i>
 Bartholomew Jerimiah, vict. Plough
 Cook John, smith and wheelwright
 Cooper Henry, baker and shopkeeper
 Diby Joseph, corn miller
 Hance William, shopkeeper
 Harrison Deborah (and Jas.) blacksmith
 Lappage William, thatcher and vict. Rose
 Pooley John, shoemaker and parish clerk
 Stammers Miss, <i>National School</i>
 Theobald John, shoemaker
 Went John, cow leech
 Wright John, beerhouse and shopkeeper
 FARMERS
 Bawtree John
 Bean Samuel Edward -<i>Hall</i>
 Blomfield Samuel
 Chignell John
 Hance Sarah
 Harvey Joseph
 Harvey Martin
 Harvey Stephen
 Partridge Robert
 Peachey James
 Smith Robert - <i>Lodge</i>
 Taylor Thomas
 Thorrington Sarah
 Tiffin Charles
 Turnage Alex
 Waller Stephen Junior
 Woodward Henry
 Post from Colchester and <i>Carrier</i> - daily
</p>
<p id=footer>
<a href=mmpeldon.php>More Peldon History</a>.
</p>  WHI_1848_161WHI_1848_161
White's Directory 1848 Page 161. West Mersea contd. Peldon.

For a transcription of the Mersea Island pages, see WHI_1848_MER

PELDON
Peldon, 6 miles S. by W. of Colchester, is a village and parish containing 493 souls and 2182A of land, mostly on a bold acclivity, but descending southward to the low salt marshes, near Mersea Island, over which the church commands a view of the ocean. The manor was grated by William the Conqueror, in 1086 to William the Deacon, towards rebuilding St, Paul's Cathedral. Henry VIII granted it to Sir Thomas Darcy, and it afterwards passed to the Reynolds, Powell and other families. The Countess Waldegrave is now lady of the manor, but the greater part of the soil belongs to J. Pledger, J. Bawtree, J. Mann, C. Oldfield, T. Taylor, S.E. Bean, and several smaller owners. The rectory is a small manor, and part of the copyholds are subject to certain and the rest to arbitrary fines. The Church (Virgin Mary,) is an ancient structure of perpendicular architecture, except the chancel, which was rebuilt by the present rector, in the early English style. The east window is enriched with stained glass, given by the late Mrs Griggs; and at the west end is a fine embattled tower. The rectory, valued in K.B. at £16. 15s 10d., and in 1831 at £508 has a good residence, and 26A. 1R. 28p. of glebe. It is in the patronage of the Countess Waldegrave, and incumbency of the Rev. John Palmer, M.A., of London. The tithes have been commuted for £575 per annum. A fair is held in the village on Michaelmas day, and here is a National School. In 1613, John Comyn gave a yearly rent-charge of £6, in equal shares for the poor of Peldon and West Mersea, out of a farm of 20A., called the Moor. The Church Lands, 5A. 1R., is let for £16. 12s., but the parish has no deeds relating to it.


Atkinson Rev. Jonathan., B.A. curate, Rectory
Bartholomew Jerimiah, vict. Plough
Cook John, smith and wheelwright
Cooper Henry, baker and shopkeeper
Diby Joseph, corn miller
Hance William, shopkeeper
Harrison Deborah (and Jas.) blacksmith
Lappage William, thatcher and vict. Rose
Pooley John, shoemaker and parish clerk
Stammers Miss, National School
Theobald John, shoemaker
Went John, cow leech
Wright John, beerhouse and shopkeeper
FARMERS
Bawtree John
Bean Samuel Edward -Hall
Blomfield Samuel
Chignell John
Hance Sarah
Harvey Joseph
Harvey Martin
Harvey Stephen
Partridge Robert
Peachey James
Smith Robert - Lodge
Taylor Thomas
Thorrington Sarah
Tiffin Charles
Turnage Alex
Waller Stephen Junior
Woodward Henry
Post from Colchester and Carrier - daily


1848
ID: WHI_1848_MER
Source: Mersea Museum