Will of Rychard Whyter of West Mersea 1528

Will of Richard Whyter, West Mersea, 1528 ERO D/ABW 39/12

Transcribed by Sue Howlett, July 2015

In the name of god amen the xxvti daye of June In the yere of o[ur] lorde god 1528 / I Rychard whyt[er] of west merse m'
In the cownty of essex & of the dyoses of london yeman being hole of mynde & In p[er]fyt Remembranse thankyd
be to god make my testament & last wyll In forme following first I com[m]ende my sowle to god & to o[ur]
Lady & to all the saynt[es] of hevyn my body to be buryed In the churche of west mersye aforesayed It[em
I be queth to the high awlt[er] for tythes untrewly payed vj s viij d to powles parden [ Note 1 ] xij d also to the graye
fryers of coelchest[er] /x s/ It[em] to the crosse frers In coellchest[er] x s It[em] to the fryars of malden /x s / It[em] to the fryars
of chelmsforde x s / & every of the sayed places of fryars to synge masse & dyrge w[i]t[h] as many fryars as th[?]
maye the same day of my buryall for my sowle & all cryssten sowles to the sum of every of them a
trentall [ Note 2 ] a peace. It[em] I gyve to the reperacyons of myche horkyslaye church x s It[em] to lytle horkyslaye
pry[?]se [ Note 3 ] vij li sterlynge It[em] I gyve to the same churche of west mersy a vestment a cope & albes decon &
subdeacon of blacke p[re]se vij li It[em] I gyve to bye a crosse w[i]t[h] a staffe of copp[er] & gylte & a crosse clothe prys
iiij li It[em] I gyve to the colyge of hygham ferys [ Note 4 ] xxs to pray for my sowle & all cryssten sowles It[em] I gyv
to the Repracyone of fyngerygo churche / xs / also I gyve to S[ir] [ Note 5 ] Robart towneley curat of west marsy
vj li xiij s iiij d to synge for me & my fryndes In the church of west marsy aforesayed the spase of one
twelvemonyth also I bequeath to S[ir] Robart townley aforesayed xiij s iiij d to be bestowyd aft[er]
hys dyscressyon In waye of Restytucyon he knowyth best for my discharge afore god & sallvacyon
of my sowle It[em] I wyll thar be delyveryd In dole at the daye of my burying & my monyth day
every man woman & chylde th[a]t cumyth thare to have a j d a p[ie]ce w[i]t[h] meate & drynke suff[icient]
for them to praye for my sowle & all cryssten sowles It[em] to every of my god chylderen xij d It[em] to ja[?]
whytar my s[er]vant / xl s / It[em] to every of my s[er]vant[es] I gyve xx d It[em] to every of my wyfes chylderen
vj s viij d I gyve my tenement lyynge In horkyslaye callyd flambardes w[i]t[h] the medew to mayntayn
an obyt w[i]t[j] ij taper[es] brennynge afore the sacrament In the churche of west marsy for ever & also I gyve
xxs to the making of ij Images of tymber to holde the same lyt[es] before the high awlter aforesaid
I gyve to Jone my wife xxx kyne & a bull x skore ewes vj Ram[es] vj horses & my oxen a cart &
a plowe w[i]t[h] all the harnys thar to be longyng w[i]t[h] all my howseholde w[i]t[h] plate / also I gyve to the sayd
Jone my wife my corne growing upon my grownde in the feldes be longyng unto my house
wher In I now dwell & all my corne [in?] northlande growynge In est m[er]sy & all the barly In
barefelde growing In westmerse It[em] I gyve to Robart [Ive?] vj s viij d It[em] I gyve to mayntayne
a light before o[ur] lady In the chawnsell a fore sayed a cowe pry ce xv s It[em] I gyve to fraunsis my
all my lands & my tenement[es] & Reverson[es] of all my land[es] wherso ever thay be w[i]t[h] the
halfe mell standing & lying In fynggerygo & all my lands lying In dylylande al[st?]ford
myche horkyslaye lytle horkyslaye wormyngforde boxted west marsy & est marsy to have
& to holde to hyr & to hyr ayer[es] of her body lawfully be gotten when she comyth to the age of xviij
yer[es] or at lawfull age of maryage for ever & In the mene whyle I will th[a]t myne executor[es]
have the profit[es] of the sayed land[es] & tenement[es] & halfe mell to paye my dett[es] & to be stowe
upon ssuffycyent repracyon[es] of the same land[es] & for her fyndynge & to be stow In hyggwayes
& dedes of charyte as thaye thynke best for my sowle [ ...............]
wyll dyscharge thar consyense be fore god. And if yt chawnse the sayed frawnsys to dye
w[i]t[h] owte ayers of her body Lawfully begotten then I wyll the sayed londs & tenements
to Remayne holy to the next of the blud of whytars for ever yf that they of hyr kyne &
of myne & if all them of the same blud of whytars do dye I will yt to be solde of myne
execut[ors] or the execut[ors] of them & ye mony ther of cumyng to be bestowyd In ded[es] of cheryte
for my sowle & all crysten sowles also I wyll th[a]t Thomas flyngant bayly of cochest[er] hartely
Desyre hym th[a]t he wyll have the custody of my dawter frawnsys ordering her as he wyll do
[. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ]
callyd bodys lying In wormyngforde for farme of her lyfe making no [styt? ..... ]
It[em] I wyll th[a]t John webbe shall have hys land[es] lying In west mersy yf so be he do paye to
myne execut[ors] iij li yf he do not I put yt to the dyscressyon of myne execut[ors] the whole barg[yn?]
also I Instantly require all my feffor[es] to delyver or cawse to be delyveryd a lawfull state &
surrender of all my land[es] fre & coppye unto the hand[es] of myne execut[ors] according to thys
my last whyll whom I make & ordayne to be myne execut[ors] Thomas flyngant bayly
of cochest[er] Robart copar of nayland clothyar Thomas lane of london waxchaundeler [ Note 6 ] &
every one of them to have for thar labor xl s to se thys my p[re]sent wyll p[er]frmyd thes
wytnes S[ir] Robart townley curat of west marsy Steven benyt Rychard smyth John hale
Robart Ine nycolas Jeffery John fortune w[i]t[h] other written the daye & yere a bove

Note 1 Probably Pardon Churchyard of St Paul's Cathedral, London, which contained two 15th century Chantry chapels (Saving the Souls of Medieval London: Perpetual Chantries of St Pauls by Dr Marie-Helene Rousseau p.73)
Note 2 'A TRENTAL was an office of thirty masses, three of a sort, which were said for the dead, to deliver their souls from torment'
quod.lib.umich.edu/c/cme/AJD3529.0001.001/1:4.11?rgn=div2;view=fulltext (24/07/2015)
Note 3 [Little Horkesley] priory was suppressed by Wolsey in accordance with his licences from the king and pope; the actual dissolution being carried out by his agent, John Alen, on 11 February, 1525
www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/essex/vol2/pp137-138 (24/07/2015)
Note 4 College of Higham Ferrers, founded by Archbishop Henry Chichele, granted the Manor of West Mersea in 1422
Note 5 'Sir' used as term of respect for a priest
Note 6 The Wax Chandlers Company is one of the City of London livery companies. The business of a Wax Chandler was the preparation, making and sale of beeswax and beeswax products, important in supplying candles before the Reformation.
www.waxchandlers.org.uk/about-us/index.php 25/07/2015

ID: MARG_118_011
Source: Mersea Museum